Sometimes the body may experience fatigue and can’t be able to produce the required energy. In most cases, athletes need a high energy level which may lead to muscle fatigue and failure. Beta-alanine which is a non-proteogenic amino acid that is naturally produced in the body and found in a certain food plays such roles in providing adequate energy in the body. Beta-Alanine amalgamates with amino acid histidine to form a dipeptide called carnosine which acts act as a barrier to help delay the beginning of lactic acid and muscle fatigue and failure. However, the body does not have enough beta-alanine needed to improve athletic performance.
How Beta-Alanine functions in the body.
The core goal of beta-alanine is to increase carnosine content in the skeletal muscle, therefore, improving intracellular buffering capacity which enables greater endurance of anaerobic activity. The use of beta-alanine improves the carnosine level in the body up to 80%
During exercise and training, the following happens to the carnosine in the body;
This is the process by which glucose is broken down in the body to produce energy. Glucose is the main source of energy for vindicating high-intensity exercise such as that done during workout. The end-product of glucose metabolism are lactate and hydrogen ions in an increased exercise intensity which are produced in equal amounts. The hydrogen ions are responsible for the fall in pH in exercising muscle, in a process known as acidification. Throughout the exercise, hydrogen ions can be actively transported out of the muscle cells into circulations. However, the rate at which this process occurs is limited and at higher exercise intensities is insufficient in matching the increased rate of hydrogen ion production, leading to progressive acidification particularly of the strength–generating fast-twitch muscle fibers.
The beginning of fatigue with loss of muscle power generation is multi-factorial in origin, however, several points are exacerbated by the increase in acidity. The formation of cross-links between the proteins accountable for power production and shortening of the muscle fibers is weakened by the increasing acidity. This is perceived by the athlete as fatigue i.e. the failure to complete an expected task.
Carnosine can buffer pH as the imidazole ring structure of each histidine attached to each beta-alanine residue can take an additional hydrogen ion. The beta-alanine prevents the histidine from combining with other amino acids to form proteins. This enables high concentrations of carnosine to be accumulated in the muscle cells, which can be still higher with beta-alanine supplementation. The high concentration of carnosine means more effective buffering and a delay and even prevention of muscle fatigue.
High-quality beta-alanine such a CarnoSyn helps the body health-wise in various ways such as;
- Enhancing muscle endurance and exercise performance levels in athletes and bodybuilders Raising intramuscular concentration of carnosine
- Building endurance during short exercises
- Aiding in increased muscle endurance for older adults
- Improving training volume and reducing fatigue during resistance training
- Increasing body mass and lean muscle mass
To wrap up, supplements of beta-alanine should be taken according to the recommendation by a specialist. All given doses should be completely taken to unleash the main objective of taking them. It’s advisable to avoid overdosing or under-dosing.